Igor Muttik graduated from Moscow State University in 1985. His Ph.D. in 1989 was based on the research of semi- and super-conductors. He became interested in computer viruses in 1987 when PCs in the lab were infected with Cascade. In 1995 he joined Dr.Solomon's Software in the UK as a Virus Researcher. In 1999 he headed McAfee Avert in Europe and now is Principal Architect at McAfee/Intel. Igor is a regular speaker at security conferences worldwide.